The third of four." For instance, there is the Centaurus A galaxy, the fifth brightest galaxy in the sky and one of the closest radio galaxies … Your guide to astronomy. It’s smaller ... Alpha Centauri. For instance, there is the Centaurus A galaxy, the fifth brightest galaxy in the sky and one of the closest radio galaxies … It's the second brightest star in the night sky, and mainly visible from the Southern Hemisphere. Triangulum Galaxy with a diameter of 50,000 light years stands as the fourth brightest galaxy observed from the earth. The constellation is also home to many Deep Sky Objects. Caldwell Galaxies. The neighboring constellations are Aquarius, Cetus, Fornax, Grus, Phoenix and Piscis Austrinus. The Andromeda galaxy, which lies within the constellation, is the furthest object that can be seen with the naked eye, it is 2.5 million light years from Earth. Two nearby mag 12 stars, 1.6' NE and 2.0' E run parallel to the major axis of the galaxy. 5. It is much easier to see color in stars than in diffuse objects like galaxies. Centaurus A (7) Centaurus. A photo of a crescent Moon near the bright planets Jupiter, right, and Saturn on 19 November, 2020, taken from Walmer, UK. The object is best seen using a 200x zoom from the northern hemisphere around midnight. Centaurus A is a peculiar galaxy located in the southern constellation Centaurus. These are the brightest and most interesting galaxies listed in the Caldwell Catalog. Also see list of 91 galaxies for a list of notable named galaxies. The brightest true stars are in the east and south. Other galaxies in Triangulum include the spiral galaxies NGC 634, NGC 784 and NGC 925, and the interacting pair NGC 672 and IC 1727.. Aries, the Ram, occupies an area of 441 square degrees and, with only two stars brighter than magnitude 3.00, it is not a particularly bright constellation. The two galaxies are: Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), approximately 163,000 light-years away The Large Magellanic Cloud is located about 22 degrees from the South Celestial Pole, approximately on the border between the constellations Dorado and Mensa in a region of faint stars. The two bright stars of the southern sky to learn are Canopus and Achernar. At a distance of 170,000 light years away from the earth, Large Magellanic is only a satellite galaxy of our own Milky Way at size of about one tenth of the our galaxy. Galaxies and nebulae are diffuse, so subtract an integer. For a list of all satellite galaxies, see Milky Way & Andromeda Satellite Galaxies. Canopus lies 74 light-years away from us and forms part of the constellation Carina. It is located in the first quadrant of the southern hemisphere (SQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +50° and -90°. It consists of four bright stars forming the well known cross shape and a fifth star which appears as a "misplaced central star". Messier star clusters are predominately found in the southern hemisphere. Most of the activity is seen in the Southern Hemisphere. The southern sky is full of interesting objects, many of which go unseen in the northern hemisphere. Find your inner astronomer. Whale galaxy (9.3) Canes Venatici. A major, long-term astronomical study of distant clusters of galaxies in the Southern Hemisphere is discussed. In the Southern hemisphere the constellation can be viewed from October to December. Major size and Minor Size are expressed in arc minutes. The Southern Cross asterism can be used to find the location of the Southern Celestial Pole, just like the brightest … A small group of faint galaxies huddle around a 7th magnitude star to the southwest of NGC 5128. Dutch-American astronomer Bart Bok once famously stated that “the Southern Hemisphere holds all the good stuff,” and he was right. No need for a telescope — the galaxies are so close that they appear much bigger than anything else visible from Earth. In the Southern Hemisphere, well, it’s pretty obvious. The Jewel Box. M31 (right) is the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way; 2.5 million light years away, which makes it … It shows constellations you can see from mid-southern latitudes such as Sydney, Cape Town or Wellington in mid-month, at 10pm local time. Furthermore, while we often have reasonably easy access to well established astronomical catalogues, such as the Messier List and the NGC catalogue, we are rarely treated to lists that provide answers to questions like:- Which 100 Galaxies are the brightest in the Southern Sky? December 2020 All-sky astronomical map. December 2020 All-sky astronomical map. Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, the 11th-brightest star, are called “The Pointers,” as they form a line in the sky to the constellation Crux (the Southern Cross). These are the brightest and most interesting open and globular star clusters listed in the Messier Catalog.Messier star clusters are predominately found in the southern hemisphere. Using an independent sample of brightest galaxies in rich clusters in the southern galactic hemisphere, we confirm the Argyres et al. 8" (7/13/91): faint, small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, bright core. Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, the 11th-brightest star, are called “The Pointers,” as they form a line in the sky to the constellation Crux (the Southern Cross). The southern hemisphere actually has many more circumpolar constellations than the northern counterpart, including: ... making it the second brightest star in the northern hemisphere. Or How many Galaxies, in the Southern Sky, are larger than 10 arc minutes and brighter than Magnitude 10 ? While you can technically see this constellation in the Northern Hemisphere, it is best seen in the South. 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