Feed a Suitable Concentrate Feed: As most horses and ponies prone to laminitis tend to hold weight easily it is unlikely that they will need large concentrate meals, however, it is still very important that they get a balanced diet, providing all the essential vitamins and minerals for health and well-being. As most horses and ponies prone to laminitis tend to hold weight easily it is unlikely that they will need large concentrate meals, however, it is still very important that they get a balanced diet, providing all the essential vitamins and minerals for health and well-being. Fructan levels in pasture grasses are known to vary by season, location, time of day, grazing pattern, plant species, and field topography. Trace-clipping or using a lighter rug will mean that your horse will burn off some of his excess weight keeping warm. If you do feed hay out of hay nets you may need to dampen it down slightly to reduce dust. Laminitis is an extremely painful condition effecting the laminae in the hoof. If this reduction doesn’t achieve the weight loss you want, reduce the amount of forage being fed to 1.5% of the horse’s ideal bodyweight. There have been many studies on laminitis and it is clear that there is not one single cause. But that tired-looking autumn grass can be just as dangerous for some animals at risk of laminitis. Exercise will help to aid weight loss and can help protect against insulin resistance. We find them much more focused when we put them onto Easisport. If you will be feeding soaked hay with unknown mineral profiles, or that changes all the time, at least check with the state university of the area where the hay was grown to find out what mineral deficiencies and imbalances are common, and to get advice on supplementation. Emergency diet for a horse with endocrinopathic laminitis Feed: Hay - feed approx. 1.5-2% bodyweight hay (depending on whether weight loss is needed (1.5%) or not (2%), so 7.5-10 kg for a 500 kg horse, 3.75-5 kg for a 250 kg pony), soaked for at least 1 hour then drained to reduce sugars (or analysed to show combined sugar/starch no more than 10%). And when it comes to dietary changes for laminitic horses, owners might not know where to start. Consider the use of probiotic and prebiotic supplements to help maintain the pH and microflora of the hindgut. Horse owners know to be cautious when allowing horses access to lush green pasture in the spring. Managing horse nutrition through changing seasons, Electrolyte replacement for your horse - how to use it, How to replenish your horses muscle glycogen, How to feed your horse for muscle building. Start with ¼ of a cup per day and gradually increase the amount if required. Both EMS and PPID are associated with insulin resistance and high blood glucose levels (hyperinsulaemia). After administration of excessive doses of certain drugs, such as corticosteroids (eg, prednisolone). Any form of steam flaked, micronised or extruded grain. As explained, there are differences between the conditions in grass and the horse that give rise to spring and autumn laminitis, but both centre around the dysfunction caused by too high a protein and sugar intake. You should never feed a laminitic horse with a feed that has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice, triticale, rye, barley or other cereal grains. Recent research proves that intensive ice soaking prevents laminitis in the early stages. Donald Walsh, DVM, … It can occur occasionally, for example if a horse or pony breaks into the feed room. The good news is, feeding a laminitic horse doesn’t have to be difficult. Often cereal chaff, such as oaten chaff, is used to make up a ‘hard’ feed’ for a stabled or confined horse or pony. Once your horse and pony have had laminitis they will be more vulnerable to repeat episodes in the future. Broodmare Nutrition: A case of now or never! In her book The Truth About Feeding Your Horse (2007), nutritionist Clare MacLeod says "Haylage can be a safe feed for laminitis-prone horses and ponies, but a high dry matter, high-fibre, low-protein haylage with low residual sugars should be selected." Feed-induced laminitis is linked to either obesity, chronic intake of grass or short term excessive intake of starchy feeds or rich grass. Laminitis is a debilitating disease that is sadly all too common. If your horse needs extra feed in addition to the low sugar forage you are feeding you must be VERY careful when selecting a suitable feed. These are: Allow your horse to graze in the very early hours of the morning until about 11 am as this is when pasture sugar levels are lowest. Feeding materials that have reasonable protein and low sugar/starch levels are a good starting point. If it is not holding its bodyweight on this diet, increase the amount of low sugar forage you are feeding and reassess your horse. Tips for feeding a horse that won’t sweat, Equine Gastric Ulcers - Using Feeding Management to Reduce Their Incidence and Severity, The horse's digestive system - The Gastrointestinal Tract. It is very important to make sure the diet you are feeding your laminitic horse is balanced. Monitor your horse closely. I’ve seen horses open doors, open the lid to the feed bin and perform miracle acts to get at that sweet feed. If you can’t access these kinds of hays, soak the hay you do have available in warm water for 30 minutes, before tipping all of the water off, rinsing and feeding. We recommend you make all changes to the diet gradually; this includes the introduction of forage or pasture. If left untreated the pedal bone can become completely unsupported and can rotate within the hoof or sink through the sole. Lucerne haylage or silage that has been produced specifically for horses is also a low sugar forage option. Feed hays that are typically low in sugars. Here are some guidelines for making it a lot easier: All horse’s diets should be based on forage and the laminitic horse is no different. You should always ensure feed is kept secure and you feed small concentrate meals. If additional weight gain is needed add some oil to the diet. Restricting forage intake by too much may increase the risk of colic, gastric ulcers and oral stereotypies. The basis of feeding horses with laminitis involves formulating a balance diet. In older times, wise horsemen stood horses with laminitis in cold streams or the chilly ocean. If you are considering a particular feed for your laminitic horse, call the manufacturer to see if they have had the feeds sugar and starch levels tested and ask to see the results. Complete feeds will provide your horse with the calories, protein, vitamins and minerals it needs. Keeping your horse at a healthy weight for their breed and height is an essential part of minimising the risk of laminitis. Grass is a major source of calories and some horses can eat 5% of their body weight as grass, gaining 21kg in a week. How to determine what makes a quality horse feed? A diet high in fibre and fats but low in sugars is best for horses with laminitis. Below is a guide to help … Does the horse feed contain high quality protein. The risk is higher in the spring and autumn when grass growth is most rapid, and grass is higher in non-structural carbohydrates such as sugars, starch and fructans. If your horse has gained weight then winter can be a great time to kick start weight loss. Alternate calorie sources "If a laminitic horse is thin and needs more calories, feed beet pulp or a forage-based feed with edible oil added (not mineral oil)," says Ralston. There are a few ways you can give your horse access to low sugar forages. Keyflow® feeds also have the additional benefit of Protexin, a probiotic which, is ideal for a horse with laminitis. Consider feeding either a low calorie, fibre-based feed that is balanced in vitamins and minerals or a low intake, low-calorie balancer. Feeding Horses with Laminitis. A high fibre, low starch and low sugar diet is essential for laminitics, so avoid feeds that contain cereals or molasses. You should aim for a fat score of between 2.5-3 on a scale of 0-5. Laminitis is most commonly linked with poor nutrition, we explain how dietary management is key to reducing the risk of a horse or pony getting laminitis. Soaking hay for 12 hours in cold or 4 hours in warm water can reduce the NSC and calorie content, or alternatively mix hay with lower-calorie oat or barley straw (up to 50:50). OR Mix your own low sugar balanced feed by using high calorie unfortified feeds like soybean hulls or sugarbeet pulp, add your own vitamins and minerals via a low dose rate vitamin and mineral supplement and add protein from soybean, lupins or faba beans. There are so many conflicting “do’s and don’ts” out there that it can give you a major headache just thinking about it! This can make it a useful dietary addition to the feed for metabolic horses if they can tolerate it. Preparing a Horse for Show or Sale - Getting the Shine, Condition, Topline and Muscling, Thoroughbred Yearling Prep: Have You Got The Look, Key points for Thoroughbred Weanling Sales Preparation, Feeding Broodmares: Getting nutrition right without spending more than you need, On the road again... feeding when on the move. This may increase the risk of laminitis for individuals that are insulin resistant. As oxidative stress is involved in the laminitis process, higher than maintenance intakes of vitamin E are recommended. These include mature or stemmy tropical grass hays and mature or stemmy lucerne hay (including lucerne hay that has been weather damaged). This is thought to affect blood flow to the laminae in the hooves, possible through Insulin Growth Factor Receptors. Research shows that laminitis is typically caused by more than one factor. And some people think it’s a cheap filler that does nothing for a horse except help with satiety. Getting the right feed for a laminitic is important for any owner of a horse or pony with laminitis. OR Switch to using a low sugar complete feed at the recommended rate for your horse. Certain types of horses are prone to laminitis such as easy keepers, horses with crest necks, obese or insulin resistance horses. Laminitis due to starch-overload is very rare as most horses and ponies prone to laminitis are not fed large amounts of high starch concentrate feeds. If you are unable to control the hours of the day your horse is allowed to graze, use a grazing muzzle to reduce your horse’s intake of pasture. Feed a low sugar complete feed at the recommended rates for your horse’s bodyweight and current activity. We recommend fat scoring your horse and weighing them, using our scientifically validated weigh-tape, every fortnight. Beet pulp is also very safe to feed these horses. If your horse does eat too much sweet feed (usually over 25 lbs or so), keep a close eye on him. Easisport is our go to feed when we have horses that have a hisotry with laminitis and tieing up. Feed hay, but not grain or sugar-rich carrots and apples. Never feed grain or grain-based products to an overweight horse, horses with Equine Cushing’s disease or Insulin Resistance or horses which have suffered previous bouts of laminitis. This is often due to lameness or pain on the other leg. Does The Horse Feed Contain What The Horse Needs? To gently encourage your horse to lose weight you should: Feed up to 2% of your horses body weight (10 kg/day for a 500 kg horse) per day as low quality, low sugar forage, including mature or stemmy tropical grass hays and/or weather damaged lucerne hay. Laminitis can affect any horse, pony, donkey or their hybrid at any time of the year and not just in spring – there is no ‘safe season’. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. It contains high levels of calcium, as well as magnesium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, lysine, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folic acid. So read all labels and lists of ingredients carefully before buying a feed and remember.It is buyer beware. Supplements: Horses with laminitis may benefit from supplemental magnesium and chromium, both of which assist in sensitivity to insulin. To maintain your horses weight you should: Allow the horse access to up to 2.5% of its bodyweight of low sugar forage (12.5 kg for a 500 kg horse) per day. phone 01621 841 188 If the horse is able to exercise, a gentle exercise routine each day will also help them to lose weight and reduce their risk of further bouts of laminitis. However, in many cases, high intakes of sugars and starches from pasture and grain play the bigger role in the development of laminitis. These feeds … Laminitis Trust approved feeds from British Horse Feeds. The Facts on Beet Pulp. You should NEVER feed a feed to a laminitic horse if it has any of the following ingredients: Millrun, millmix, bran (rice or wheat), pollard, Any form of steam flaked, micronized or extruded grain. Pay particular attention to any regional fat deposits such as a cresty neck, fat pads behind the shoulder or fat-filled eye sockets as these could indicate an increased risk of EMS. Do you get what you should be getting in your horse feed? Set recipe vs least cost - how safe if your horse feed? Water: Often overlooked as a nutrient, water is one of the best allies in the defense of laminitis in your horse. Quite the opposite. Balance the diet with a low dose rate vitamin and mineral supplement and additional protein from soybean, lupins or faba beans if your pasture or hay quality is poor. Equine Dedicated Mills - how safe is your horse feed? Simply watching what you feed isn’t enough on its own; you are likely to also have to make some lifestyle changes. Side Bar – Feeds acceptable for feeding to horses with ECD, EMC, and IR Grass forages, grass/legume mixed forages, low quality pasture, variety of natural forages Concentrates containing a small amount of oats, beet pulp, rice bran, soybean hulls, flax seeds, vegetable fats. Excessive intake of grass or grain engorgement – for example, if a horse or pony gets into the feed room. This is grossly misleading and these feeds present as much danger to your laminitic horse as a feed that contains grain. In the majority of horses with IR induced laminitis, it is important to remove the cereal grain bi-products such as bran, pollard, or rice bran or feeds based on millrun, such as equestrian or pony pellets, from the ration, as these feeds contain starch and soluble sugars. Note hay will usually contain 10-12% moisture (or more), so 7.5 kg on a dry matter basis = 8.5 kg as fed weight for a hay … http://www.horsemart.co.uk Baileys Horse Feeds give us an overview on how to feed a horse with laminitis. If your horse is not losing weight, reduce the amount of low sugar forage being fed to 1.5% of the horse’s current bodyweight (7.5 kg/day for a 500 kg horse). Safe Pastures for Horses with Laminitis By Dr John Kohnke BVSc RDA The most commonly asked questions by owners of horses and ponies with a history of laminitis and founder are: Which type of pasture is safe to graze and at what times is it safe to turn my horse out to graze? As well as being low in sugar, the diet also needs to provide good quality protein to allow damaged hoof tissue to repair, as well as meet a horse’s requirements for vitamins and minerals. You should also feed their daily allocation of hay in 2 or 3 meals per day. 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