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SCAN-TELE-01443265 Afghanistan is drained by numerous rivers; significant ones include the Amu Dar'ya, Hari, Helmand, and the Kabul - directly east of the capital city, flowing down into the Indus River in Pakistan. During the 1980s the city grew, owing to an influx of migrants from conflict-affected rural areas. The population is around 32 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pas… There are over 16,000 schools in the country and roughly 9 million students. In 2002, traveler Rory Stewart reported that dogs were still used for wolf hunting in remote areas. One of the main drivers for the current economic recovery is the return of over 5 million expatriates, who brought with them entrepreneurship and wealth-creating skills as well as much needed funds to start up businesses. Afghanistan (/æfˈɡænɪstæn, æfˈɡɑːnɪstɑːn/ (listen), also pronounced /ævˈɡænᵻstæn, ævˈɡɑːnᵻstɑːn/;[14] Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-],[a] Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle East, Afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders. [330] These lines are used for freight only and there is no passenger service. [251] Afghanistan's opium poppy harvest produces more than 90% of illicit heroin globally, and more than 95% of the European supply. At over 652,230 km2 (251,830 sq mi),[173] Afghanistan is the world's 41st largest country,[174] slightly bigger than France and smaller than Myanmar, and about the size of Texas in the United States. [207], Afghans, particularly Pashtuns, are noted for their tribal solidarity and high regard for personal honor. [322], The Ring Road is crucially important for domestic and international trade and the economy. Despite that, archaeologists are still finding Buddhist relics in different parts of the country, some of them dating back to the 2nd century. An Outline of the History Of Persia During The Last Two Centuries (A.D. 1722–1922)", "Great Britain's Great Game: An Introduction", In Defence of British India: Great Britain in the Middle East, 1775–1842, "Afghan Women Hope for More Gains Under New Administration – Afghanistan",, "Afghanistan: History Of 1973 Coup Sheds Light On Relations With Pakistan", "Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths", "Genocide and the Soviet Occupation of Afghanistan", "Landmines in Afghanistan: A Decades Old Danger", "Refugee Admissions Program for Near East and South Asia", "Afghanistan: Land Mines From Afghan-Soviet War Leave Bitter Legacy (Part 2)", 'Mujahidin vs. Communists: Revisiting the battles of Jalalabad and Khost, "Blood-Stained Hands, Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity", "Casting Shadows: War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: 1978–2001", "Afghanistan: The massacre in Mazar-i Sharif. [74] He died in 1901, replaced by his son Habibullah Khan. It is situated in the eastern part of the country. You’ll need to match them to their countries. His troops are said to have annihilated the Khorasanian cities of Herat and Balkh as well as Bamyan. Afghan classical music has close historical links with Indian classical music and use the same Hindustani terminology and theories like raga. - (NL) Smrtna kazen je barbarska, svoboda izražanja pa … [67], By the early 19th century, the Afghan empire was under threat from the Persians in the west and the Sikh Empire in the east. Close relations with the Muslim states Turkey, the Kingdom of Iraq and Iran/Persia were also pursued, while further international relations were sought by joining the League of Nations in 1934. Despite continuing acts of violence against the civilian population, Kabul has continued to expand. [373] As there was no colonialism in the modern era in Afghanistan, European-style architecture is rare; most notably the Victory Arch at Paghman, and the Darul Aman Palace in Kabul, were built in this style in the 1920s by the Afghans themselves. How well do you know the world’s capital cities? Security officials said a magnetic bomb, known as a "sticky bomb", had been placed on his car. [20] After Timur's death in 1793, the Durrani throne passed down to his son Zaman Shah, followed by Mahmud Shah, Shuja Shah and others. [258] A 2009 proposal for a law against the violence of women could only be passed through a presidential decree. Accompanying these staples are native fruits and vegetables as well as dairy products such as milk, yogurt and whey. The city had steady growth due to its strategic location at the center of the Hindu Kush mountains and the Ghazni towns. In 2016, Taliban militants attacked the American University of Afghanistan, also in the capital, killing 13 students, teachers and security guards. [15][39], The religion Zoroastrianism is believed by some to have originated in what is now Afghanistan between 1800 and 800 BCE, as its founder Zoroaster is thought to have lived and died in Balkh. Kabul, city, capital of the province of Kabul and of Afghanistan. The remaining Afghans are culturally Persian and Turkic. [122][123][124][125][126][127], After the fall of Kabul to the Taliban, Ahmad Shah Massoud and Abdul Rashid Dostum formed the Northern Alliance, later joined by others, to resist the Taliban. The sector employs at least 120,000 people nationwide. [186] This was followed by the 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes in which over 150 people were killed and over 1,000 injured. Regional breed of sheep country and also its political and economic hub pronunciations! 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