Two large tremors struck the Christchurch metropolitan area during the early afternoon on June 13, 2011. The epicentres of each of these events, which possessed moment magnitudes of 5.6 and 6.3, were located some 10 km (6 miles) east of Christchurch at depths of 9 km (5.6 miles) and 7 km (4.4 miles), respectively. Minor damage was reported as far away as Dunedin and Nelson, both around 300–350 kilometres (190–220 mi) from the earthquake's epicentre. As a result, some seismologists have downplayed any direct association between the June 13 events and those of the main shock and February 22 aftershock. Irreparable damage led to the demolition of several thousand homes, and large tracts of suburban land were subsequently abandoned. House foundations cracked and buckled, wrecking many homes. Heritage buildings suffered heavy damage, including the Provincial Council Chambers, Lytteltons Timeball Station, the Anglican Christchurch Cathedral and the Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. Authorities quickly cordoned off Christchurch’s central business district. 22 February But there are positives and negatives to this event, the negatives being of course the damage and loss off life because of the quake. Christchurch's CBD experienced moderate damage in the September 2010 earthquake. Ground near the Darfield epicentre moved at up to 1.25 times the acceleration due to gravity. The earthquakes have had a devastating effect on the central city and the people of Christchurch and surrounding areas. At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand. Corrections? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The earthquake was only 5 km deep; The earthquake struck at 12:51 pm on Tuesday, 22 February, 2011; 6 months earlier on 4th September 2010 another massive magnitude 7.1 earthquake caused significant damage to Christchurch and the central Canterbury region, but with no direct fatalities. The severest of those events were the earthquake (magnitude from … Wrecking ball for damaged units? An estimated 100 or more people had been in the building at the time of the quake. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake (also known as the Darfield earthquake) struck the South Island of New Zealand with a moment magnitude of 7.1 at 4:35 a.m. local time on 4 September, and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. 185 people were killed in the February earth quake … Herald online. Trzęsienie ziemi miało miejsce 4 września 2010 o godzinie 4:35 czasu miejscowego. Christchurch’s city centre was hit particularly hard and was evacuated. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Thick layers of silt covered properties and streets, and water and sewage from broken pipes flooded streets. It occurred nearly six months after the 4 September 2010 earthquake. Map showing recent earthquake activity in and around Christchurch, New Zealand. The principal event, sometimes referred to as the Darfield earthquake, struck at 4:35 am on September 4, 2010. The removal of wreckage and official damage assessments were ongoing. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Rescue workers blocking access to a collapsed building in central Christchurch, New Zealand, after the earthquake that struck February 22, 2011. Liquefaction was much mor… Continuing aftershocks in the days after February 22 further weakened structures throughout the area, and portions of several suburbs had to be evacuated. A considerable number of houses are not repaired and people are still camping out in them as they cannot afford to move. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment. Christchurch earthquake kills 185. It was relatively shallow – around 10 km deep – and produced the strongest earthquake ground-shaking ever recorded in New Zealand. We have 2 biographies, 8 articles, 5 comments related to Christchurch earthquake kills 185. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. More than half of the buildings in the central business district have since been demolished, including the citys tallest building, the Hotel Grand Chancellor. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, also called Canterbury earthquakes, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. Efforts resumed the following day, however, after the building was secured. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Dust clouds caused by the 22 February earthquake (© Gillian Needham). Over the months that followed, it was established that more than 180 people had died in the quake; many of them had been killed outright as structures collapsed and debris fell in the streets, crushing cars and buses as well. Some injuries. One person died from a heart attack, possibly caused by the shock of the earthquake, but there wer… The earthquake … Jo Adetunji and agencies. I believe that this was one of the most tragic natural disasters that had ever occurred in New Zealand ever before!! Due to the extent of the damage, a cordon was placed around … Christchurch earthquake: as it happened Feb 23. Indeed, it was believed that by the time of the June 13 aftershocks, some 50,000 former residents of Christchurch had already moved permanently to other places in New Zealand or to Australia. More than half of the buildings in the central business district were subsequently demolished, including the city’s tallest building, the Hotel Grand Chancellor. Impromptu community efforts distributed food and helped dig out the property of affected residents. Epicentrum trzęsienia o sile 7,1 w skali Richtera znajdowało się 40 km na zachód od Christchurch.W skali Mercallego intensywność wstrząsów w mieście wynosiła 4-8 stopni (stopień 4 oznacza ogólnoodczuwalne wstrząsy i przesuwanie się drobnych przedmiotów; stopień 8 oznacza rozległe … Clock tower on Madras Street. The earthquake’s epicentre was located some 25 miles (40 km) west of Christchurch near the town of Darfield, and the focus was located about 6 miles (10 km) beneath the surface. On Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 there was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51pm. 7 Sep, 2010 01:39 AM Quick Read. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. Thousands of smaller aftershocks occurred in the months that followed. In September 2010, Christchurch was shaken by the magnitude 7.1 Darfield earthquake, caused by movement along faults west of the city on the Canterbury Plains. Both the Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals of Christchurch suffered serious damage. The day after the quake, Prime Minister John Key declared a state of national emergency in the quake area, expanding his government’s powers to coordinate rescue and recovery efforts. The government declared a national state of emergency the day after the quake. It was based near Darfield but felt all over the South Island and in the lower part of the North Island. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Fri 3 Sep 2010 … Map: Christchurch earthquake - worst hit areas. Christchurch has been through a tough six years but soon everything will be normal again. back to work. Hundreds of buildings in the central business district and some 10,000 dwellings were deemed to be unsalvageable, and it was expected that they would have to be demolished. christchurch earthquake of 2010 September 4, 2010 4:36am, 7.1 magnitude. Rock cliffs collapsed in the Sumner and Redcliffs area, and boulders tumbled down the Port Hills, with five people killed by falling rocks. The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. The 4 September 2010 earthquake was the largest to affect a major urban area since the 7.8-magnitude shock that struck the Hawke’s Bay region on 3 February 1931. The severest aftershock occurred at 12:51 pm on February 22, 2011. More than 130 people lost their lives in the collapse of the Canterbury Television and Pyne Gould Corporation buildings. Please upload all photos here! 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The focus of this temblor was relatively shallow, however, occurring only 3 miles (5 km) beneath the surface of Heathcote Valley, a suburb of Christchurch located on the Banks Peninsula. 1865, British troops invade south Taranaki, Home Although there were few serious injuries and no fatalities, the quake and its aftershocks (some of them severe) destroyed hundreds of buildings in the city and damaged…, …the epicentre of a strong earthquake (magnitude 6.3) that struck the Christchurch area on February 22, 2011. Christchurch and surrounding areas have experienced major earthquakes since a 7.1 magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010. In contrast to the main shock, this aftershock was generated by oblique thrust faulting (where one side of the fault is thrust upward over the other) along a different, undiscovered fault. Initially, 26% of buildings in the CBD were determined to be unsafe or have restricted access [50] . In February 2011 Christchurch was struck by another, far more-damaging earthquake whose epicentre was located just a few miles from the city’s central business…, …region were struck by a strong earthquake on September 4, 2010—about magnitude 7, centred approximately 20 miles (30 km) west of the city. Other towns in the area around Christchurch were seriously affected, although fewer lives were lost. The iconic Anglican cathedral of Christchurch, N.Z., damaged by the earthquake that struck the city on Feb. 22, 2011. Saturday's 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck some 30km west of Christchurch… Nearly five years later it is still common for the red markings to be interpreted as a license to demolish. Thanks very much for the prompt to update the information on this page. A magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred near Christchurch at 4.35 a.m. on Saturday 4 September 2010. This is a pool created to house all photos related to the powerful earthquake that rocked Christchurch on 4 September 2010, Saturday at 4.35am. One of the worst incidents was the collapse of the Canterbury Television (CTV) building, in the city centre, which was razed almost entirely. Time-lapse visualisation of the September 4 2010 earthquake and its ongoing aftershocks (including the devastating February 22, 2011 quake) in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand. As well as damaging properties and the local economy, the earthquake had both physical and psychological effect… It has been known as the Greendale, Darfield, Rolleston, September or Canterbury Earthquake. Map of the central part of New Zealand's South Island depicting the intensity of shaking caused by the earthquake of Sept. 4, 2010, and the strong aftershock of Feb. 22, 2011. Dozens of people suffered minor injuries when a series of powerful earthquakes rocked Christchurch… Church officials believed that the latter structure was beyond repair, and the spire of the Anglican cathedral collapsed. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. Bexley and other suburbs were flooded after water mains broke; after the waters receded, quake-damaged roads and homes remained covered with silt. But also the positives, like the fact that this quake brought New Zealand together, it brought out the compassion, and the sympathy in people to help build back up what once was a beautiful city, into a even better and renewed christchurch that it is today. Many historic and other buildings which could easily have been repaired were destroyed due to this simple confusion. Rescue efforts were at times hampered, however, by the potential dangers posed by the aftershocks. Earthquake damage: buildings in Christchurch, 19 miles from the epi-centre, demonstrate the power of the tremors. The June 13 events were located farther east of the known extent of the Greendale Fault, and they appeared to have been generated by strike-slip faulting rather than by thrust faulting associated with the February 22 event. There was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake in Christchurch New Zealand today, September 4 2010, causing widespread damage, the government has declared a state of emergency. earthquake christchurch Wednesday, September 29, 2010. This earthquake produced a visible rent across the landscape that allowed scientists to directly measure the movement of the longest fault segment, the Greendale Fault. Like the main shock, however, the February 22 aftershock stemmed from the deformation along regional plate boundaries where the Pacific and Indo-Australian tectonic plates push against one another. More than 1,000 New Zealand Defence Force personnel led the response, aided by more than 100 members of the Singaporean armed forces who were in New Zealand for a joint training exercise at the time of the quake. In September 2010 a strong earthquake struck Christchurch and its surrounding region; although there were no fatalities, the city suffered extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure. https://www.britannica.com/event/Christchurch-earthquakes-of-2010-2011, New Zealand History - Christchurch earthquake kills 185. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Shaking turned water-saturated layers of sand and silt beneath the surface into sludge that squirted upwards through cracks. It was based on the Greendale fault, which is a newly discovered fault. The death toll from the New Zealand earthquake rose from 65 to 76 on Wednesday, with another 300 people missing. This group was created on behalf of the Social Media Club, Christchurch Chapter. The earthquake’s epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 km south-east of Christchurch’s central business district. Further, it was predicted that because the quake had rendered the land so unstable in some places, certain areas might have to be abandoned altogether. We as humans need to step up and take actions rather than moping around and making everyone feel sorry for us and what had happened. There was very little destruction caused to buildings. There is looting. (2006) 3,075; (2012 est.) The aftershock’s depth and close proximity to Christchurch contributed to substantial shaking, surface cracking, and liquefaction (the conversion of soil into a fluidlike mass) in the city and surrounding area. Although not as powerful as the magnitude 7.1 earthquake on 4 September 2010, this earthquake occurred on a shallow fault line close to the city, so the shaking was particularly destructive. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. The worst happened in February 2011, when a 6.3-magnitude earthquake ripped through Christchurch in the middle of the day – toppling buildings onto … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In March 2012 it was announced that because of additional damage it had sustained in the aftershocks, the Anglican cathedral was beyond repair and would be demolished. Posted by Sonya Fay McKenzie at 4:50 AM No comments: Email This BlogThis! Australia, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom, the United States, and other countries also sent hundreds of search-and-rescue workers. Although some were rescued on the day of the quake, the search for others was suspended because it was thought that the remaining victims could not have survived; further, it was feared that the building’s remains were too unstable to be safe for rescue workers. Pop. Events Hi Susan. The earthquake struck at lunchtime, when many people were on the city streets. Most of the damage was in the area surrounding the epicentre, including the city of Christchurch, New Zealand's second-largest urban area with a population of 386,000. I think that this was a very sad and emotional event for New Zealand. It was caused by right-lateral movement along a previously unknown regional strike-slip fault in the western section of the Canterbury Plains. The Darfield earthquake sequence initiated three other significant earthquakes close to the city of Christchurch: M 6.3, 22 February 2011 (the Christchurch Earthquake) M … Strong aftershocks were reported, including ones of magnitude 5.3. T&T did broad scale investigations on behalf of EQC within suburbs in Christchurch city, and Waimakariri and Selwyn districts. The Christchurch CBD was reopened only 2 weeks ago - around the beginning of May 2013 - and not all of it. It is a good story but all is correct. New Zealand earthquake: dozens injured in Christchurch. Other seismologists, however, suggested that stresses built up by these earlier temblors likely contributed to those of June 13, as well as to a series of shallow marine tremors ranging from magnitude 4.0 to magnitude 6.0 that shook the Christchurch area on December 23, 2011. Previously we have looked at charts for major earthquakes in relation to the aspects involving trans-Neptunian planets, especially Sedna and Eris. Photograph: David Alexander/AP. The fault, later named the Greendale Fault, appeared about 50 to 56 miles (80 to 90 km) southeast of the boundary between the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates, and part of the fault became visible at the surface because of the earthquake. Electricity and sewerage connections are still not supplied to quite a few houses and many people continue to use Port-a-Loos and wash in buckets. Flickr CCL-2012-02-22-IMG_9665 some normality may … Not all comments posted. The earthquake brought down many buildings damaged the previous September, especially older brick and mortar buildings. Lyttelton sustained widespread damage to buildings, wharves, and other infrastructure. Jul 11, 2013 - A powerful earthquake struck New Zealand’s South Island early Saturday causing widespread damage. Perhaps you have a related experience you would like to share? Christchurch before the Canterbury earthquakes, where most citizens did not expect an earthquake (Becker, 2010), but where seismologists knew that there was a possibility that there could be a major earthquake. Almost two-thirds of the 160,000 homes in and around Christchurch were damaged by Saturday's earthquake, New Zealand's prime minister says. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep. The 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake was, from a seismological point of view, an aftershock of the earlier earthquake of 4 September 2010. The earthquake brought down many buildings damaged the previous September, especially older brick and mortar buildings. following the Christchurch earthquake series that began on 4 September 2010. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11 …and near the city of Christchurch , New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. Tuesday, September 14, 2010. It was the largest earthquake to affect a major urban area since the 1931 Hawke’s Bay earthquake. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Footage from the Christchurch Earthquake September 4th 2010 4.35amAround CBD, Edgeware, Papanui, Shirley, Riccarton quakes big quake large | Stuff.co.nz. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake, which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am September 4, 2010 local time (16:35 3 September UTC ). The port town of Lyttelton, near the epicentre of the earthquake, sustained widespread damage to buildings, wharves, and other infrastructure. The damage in Christchurch was far more substantial than the damage caused in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months before. Christchurch earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timelineUses for shipping containers in Christchurch – February 2011 Christchurch earthquakeNew Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timelineRNZAF flight after Christchurch earthquake – New Zealand disasters timelineRNZAF timeline – Royal New Zealand Air Force22 February 2011 earthquake interment site – Canterbury memorialsFebruary 2011 Christchurch earthquake – February 2011 Christchurch earthquakeCanterbury Earthquake National Memorial – Canterbury memorials, 'Christchurch earthquake kills 185', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/page/christchurch-earthquake-kills-185, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 6-Oct-2020. 3,000.…. Omissions? Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Updates? He serves currently as the editor of Earth and life sciences, covering climatology, geology, zoology, and other topics that relate to... Woman surveying the damage to her home near Christchurch, close to the epicentre of the earthquake that struck New Zealand's South Island on Sept. 4, 2010. At 4:35 am on 4 September 2010, there was a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. of course for others, they are still homeless. The Oi Manawa Canterbury Earthquake National Memorial was opened on 22 February 2017, the sixth anniversary of the earthquake. Falling bricks and masonry killed another 11 people, while eight died in two city buses that were crushed by crumbling walls. Widely felt over the South Island and the southern North Island, it caused considerable damage in central Canterbury, especially in Christchurch. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. “Sedna in astrology may be linked to earth changes. English: 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 16:35 3 September UTC. back to school. Although weaker, the aftershock had a far more devastating impact on Christchurch than the earlier main seismological event, mainly because it struck so close to the central business district. The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3 mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6 mi) deep. Day Nine. Heritage buildings that suffered heavy damage included the Provincial Council Chambers, Lyttelton’s Timeball Station, the Anglican Christchurch Cathedral and the Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. for most cantabrians, life returns to normal tomorrow. Wrecking ball for damaged units? Liquefaction was much more extensive than in September 2010. GNS Science map of Christchurch earthquakes to end December 2011 1 There have been four earthquakes in the Christchurch area in 2010-11, of magnitude 6.0 - 7.1 (see map) and nearly 10,000 aftershocks. In 2014, a magnitude-6.7 earthquake struck off … Comments will be reviewed prior to posting. I've now changed the text to bring things up-to-date as of May 2013. The severest of those events were the earthquake (magnitude from 7.0 to 7.1) that struck on September 4, 2010, and the large, destructive aftershock (magnitude 6.3) that occurred on February 22, 2011. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, … Labels: christchurch, damage, quake, units. Buildings and roads across the Christchurch region, which had been weakened by the September event and its aftershocks, were severely damaged or destroyed in the February event. The cordon remained in place in some areas until June 2013. More damage was caused by illegal and misguided rescue teams, and a confusion about official markings - buildings were marked with a red sticker as a warning not to enter, and contractors interpreted this as a license or reason to demolish the building. Time-lapse visualisations of the February 22 2011 and September 4 2010 earthquakes … It was centred 40 km west of Christchurch, near the town of Darfield, at a depth of 10 km. A 2011 earthquake in the city of Christchurch destroyed much of the downtown and killed 185 people. | Stuff.co.nz. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Power companies restored electricity to 75 per cent of the city within three days, but re-establishing water supplies and sewerage systems took much longer. Kind regards, Jamie Mackay, Oi Manawa Canterbury Earthquake National Memorial, Christchurch earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Uses for shipping containers in Christchurch – February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, RNZAF flight after Christchurch earthquake – New Zealand disasters timeline, RNZAF timeline – Royal New Zealand Air Force, 22 February 2011 earthquake interment site – Canterbury memorials, February 2011 Christchurch earthquake – February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Canterbury Earthquake National Memorial – Canterbury memorials, The 2011 Christchurch earthquake (Te Ara), Christchurch under siege (Roadside Stories). Review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Island and environment! Fay McKenzie at 4:50 AM No comments: Email this BlogThis area since 1931. 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